Orthopedic surgery is a form of surgery that deals with the musculoskeletal system. It focuses on conditions and injuries of the bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, tendons, and nerves. Orthopedic surgery can be used to treat many different types of conditions, ranging from fractures and sprains to degenerative diseases and tumors. Common conditions that require orthopedic surgery include rotator cuff tears, labral tears, spinal stenosis, carpal tunnel syndrome, shoulder impingement syndrome, and hip and knee replacements.
Orthopedics is a medical specialty focused on the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. Orthopedic treatment is used to treat a wide range of conditions, from minor injuries to serious conditions such as fractures, joint problems, and spinal deformities. Orthopedic treatment can help improve mobility, reduce pain, and improve the overall quality of life. Common conditions that require orthopedic treatment include arthritis, tendonitis, bursitis, rotator cuff injuries, and osteoarthritis. Orthopedic treatment can include a variety of treatments, such as physical therapy, medication, and even surgery. With proper diagnosis and treatment, many orthopedic conditions can be managed effectively.
Common Conditions That Require Orthopedic Surgery
1. Arthritis – Arthritis is a progressive condition that typically affects the joints and can cause pain, stiffness, inflammation, and a restricted range of motion. In some cases, orthopedic surgery may be necessary to treat the symptoms of arthritis. Common orthopedic surgeries for arthritis include joint replacement, osteotomy, arthroscopy, fusion, and tendon repair.
2. Osteoarthritis – Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disorder characterized by inflammation, pain, and stiffness in the joints. It is caused by the breakdown of the cartilage that cushions the bones in the joints. The most common type of orthopedic surgery for osteoarthritis is the total joint replacement (TJR). In this procedure, damaged portions of the joint are removed and replaced with a metal or plastic prosthesis. This is usually done on the knee, hip, shoulder, or elbow. The surgery typically requires a long recovery period and physical therapy to help restore strength, range of motion, and function of the joint. Other procedures that may be used to treat osteoarthritis include arthroscopic surgery, in which a small incision is made and a scope is used to view the inside of the joint and repair any damage.
3. Rheumatoid Arthritis – Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition that can cause chronic joint pain and inflammation in the hands, feet and other parts of the body. In some cases, the disease can progress to the point where orthopedic surgery is necessary to help improve mobility and reduce pain. Orthopedic surgery typically involves removing damaged tissue, realigning bones, or replacing joints. Depending on the severity of the condition, different types of procedures may be necessary. These can include joint fusion, tendon repair, joint replacement, or joint reconstruction.
Fractures That Requires Orthopedic Surgical treatment:
- Open fractures
- Complex fractures
- Compound fractures
- Segmental fractures
- Intra-articular fractures
- Non-union fractures
- Mal-union fractures
- Articular surface fractures
- Stress fractures
- Pathologic fractures
5. Torn Ligaments and Tendons – Torn ligaments and tendons often require orthopedic surgical treatment if they do not heal on their own. Surgery may be necessary to repair the tear and restore function, or it may be used to reconstruct the ligament or tendon. Common surgeries for torn ligaments and tendons include arthroscopic ligament or tendon repair, tendon transfer, tendon lengthening, and tendon reconstruction. Each procedure has its own set of risks and benefits that should be considered before proceeding with surgery.
6. Shoulder Injuries – Shoulder injuries can be caused by a variety of activities, including sports, contact sports, falls, and auto accidents. Depending on the severity of the injury, treatment may include rest, ice, physical therapy, medications, changing activities, and even orthopedic surgery. For more severe shoulder injuries, orthopedic surgery may be necessary. This may include reconstructive surgery, rotator cuff repair, labral repair, or shoulder arthroplasty. During these procedures, the orthopedic surgeon will make an incision in the skin and repair the damaged tissue. Depending on the extent of the injury, the surgeon may also need to use metal screws, plates, or other hardware to secure the tissue in place.
7. Rotator Cuff Tears – Rotator cuff tears can be very painful and require orthopedic surgery if they are severe. Orthopedic surgery is typically used to repair a torn rotator cuff, which involves repairing the tendon or muscles that make up the rotator cuff. Depending on the severity of the tear, the orthopedic surgeon may use arthroscopy, open surgery, or a combination of both to repair the tear. The surgery typically requires sutures and can take several weeks or months to heal. Physical therapy is often prescribed to help the patient regain strength and range of motion, as well as to prevent re-injury.
Orthopedic surgery is a highly specialized field of medicine that is essential for the treatment of many painful and debilitating conditions. From carpal tunnel syndrome to rotator cuff tears, orthopedic surgery can provide relief from pain and help restore mobility. While there are risks associated with any surgical procedure, orthopedic surgery is generally a safe and effective way to improve the quality of life for those with orthopedic issues.
Dr. Hrishikesh Patkar is a highly experienced orthopedic surgeon who specializes in joint replacement and Sports Injury Treatment. He is one of the leading orthopedic surgeon in Bavdhan, Pune, and has wide experience in treating patients with various musculoskeletal issues. He is known for his compassionate care, use of the latest technology, and excellent surgical skills. Dr. Patkar has been practicing for more than 10 years with an impressive track record. His expertise lies in total joint replacement, arthroscopic surgery, minimally invasive spine surgery, fractures, sports medicine, and other related orthopedic issues. He has also been a faculty member at various international conferences on orthopedic surgery.